How to have a healthy pregnancy for mom and baby:
- Eat healthy and stay active (unless your doctor tells you not to exercise)
- Include folic acid in your diet, which includes things like dark leafy greens and broccoli
- Be sure you’re up to date on all your vaccinations (shots)
- Avoid cigarettes, alcohol, and drugs (except for medicines approved by your doctor)
- See your doctor on a regular basis
A pregnancy is high-risk when there could be problems with the mom, baby, or both. If your pregnancy is high risk, make sure you have regular doctor visits and do what your doctor tells you to do to care for yourself and your baby.
Below are some things that could make a pregnancy high-risk:
- If you are carrying more than one baby
- If you are younger than 16 or older than 35
- If you have had a miscarriage or problems with other pregnancies
If you have any of these medical problems before getting pregnant:
- High blood pressure
- Kidney or heart problems
- Autoimmune disease
- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)
- Chronic infections like HIV
- Very overweight or underweight
Two high-risk medical conditions that can happen when you are pregnant are:
- Preeclampsia – This is when moms have high blood pressure, protein in the urine, and swelling, especially in the feet and ankles. It can be very dangerous for the mother or baby if it isn’t treated.
- Gestational diabetes – This is a type of diabetes (high blood sugar) that moms might get when they are pregnant. Pregnant moms should follow their doctor’s orders to help make sure they have a healthy baby. Usually the diabetes goes away after the baby is born.